The term sciatica (read: sai-at-tika) describes the symptoms of leg pain, tingling, numbness or muscle weakness that start from the lower back and extend through the buttocks to the hind legs. Patients with sciatica may experience heat and sensations such as electric shock.
Sciatica is not a specific diagnosis, but it is a symptom of other conditions that cause it, such as a herniated pulp nucleus (PNH) in the lower back or known as the nerve lay, slipped disc or joint disc that moves from its position. .
Sciatica is pain caused by a pinched or damaged nerve. The pelvic nerve is the longest nerve in the body, from the hip and under the spine to the back of the leg. Sciatica is a symptom of a neurological disease, not a separate disease and usually goes away after 4 to 8 weeks of treatment.
Causes of Sciatica pain?
For gamers and office workers, sciatica usually occurs due to sitting over time and in the wrong position. Read our best sitting tips to reduce the risk of sciatica.
Sciatica can also be caused by degenerative diseases like osteoarthritis and osteoporosis of the spine. Trauma, injuries and accidents related to the spine and the presence of tumors, blood clots, abscesses, growth of bone spurs and due to pregnancy conditions.
In the advanced stages, the patient will experience pain when sitting for a long time. Constant pain often only occurs on one side of the buttocks or legs (rarely occurs on both legs). Foot pain is often described as burning or tingling, and the muscles feel weak, numb, to the point that it is difficult to move the foot.
Acute pain can prevent patients from standing or walking. It rarely causes depression because it cannot move normally. Some of the following conditions can increase the risk that a person will suffer from sciatica, including people who sit too long have a higher risk of suffering from sciatica than active people. So, diabetes. This condition can cause damage to the sciatic nerve.
Others are hard work. People who often lift heavy loads or drive for long periods of time have the potential to suffer from sciatica. Obesity can also increase the risk of this disease, as weight gain can increase the pressure on the spine.
Other Factors Include:
Old age: aging of the spine is the most common cause of sciatica.
Overweight: overweight increases pressure on the spine
Diabetes: Diabetes also increase the risk of nerve damage
Most Common Symptoms of Sciatica
Sciatica generally affects the area around:
- The back of the thigh,
- The hind and front legs
- Leg section
Symptoms of sciatica include:
- Burning sensation
- Lack of energy
- Tingling sensation
Severe sciatica will make it difficult even when you walk or bend your legs. If you have been experiencing pain for more than a week or the pain is very severe, it is best to see a doctor.
Playing games and working makes you forget time and sit too long. For this, you need to know the best sitting position depending on the medical care.
Sit with your hips and back pressed against your back. The two thighs fit in the chair, the ideal height of the chair where the soles of the feet touch the ground and knee bent at 90 degrees. And also try to use a Gel Enhanced Seat Cushion while sitting on office chair because it helps you to divide pressure equally and save from sciatica.
In addition, it is recommended that you get up from your sitting position every 30 minutes and walk for 5 minutes.
How to Overcome Sciatica?
According to medical specialist, most cases of back pain or sciatica can be treated without requiring medical treatment. The following treatments can be done alone at home:
- Rest more or less three days. It is recommended on a mattress not too soft.
- Compress the part that hurts with hot or cold compresses to relieve the pain.
- Do lower back stretching exercises to relieve symptoms and reduce pressure on your nerves.
- Take pain relievers, such as acetaminophen.
- If the above methods cannot overcome the symptoms of sciatica, consult your doctor.
Sciatica is just one of the many types of back pain you can get if you sit in the wrong position, sit too long, or even work too hard. Work is important, but rest is no less important. Unlike games, serious illnesses can easily be cured with potions or healing magic. Therefore, you should always remember to exercise daily and use the best sitting position.