Ovulation Symptoms
Ovulation Symptoms

Ovulation Symptoms- Signs you must know for better result

In every month cycle, couples who avoid birth control prescription face 30 percent of getting pregnant. However, this is quite a surprising thing because a woman can only conceive during Ovulation- a small window each month when the egg is viable and is open for the business of fertilization. For couples, timely Ovulation means successful pregnancy. Unfortunately, some women face problem ovulation, which can affect overall pregnancy chances. Before you get into the symptoms of Ovulation, it is essential to know what exactly it is-

What is Ovulation?

Ovulation is the release of an egg during menstruation in females. A part of the ovary called the ovarian follicle discharges an egg. The egg is also known as an ovum, oocyte, or female gamete. This egg is only released when it reaches maturity. Once the egg is released, it travels down the fallopian tube and meets the sperm for fertilization.

Phases-

There are 3 phases of Ovulation, defined by a period of elevated hormones during the menstrual cycle.

The per ovulatory or follicular phase- the layer of cells when the ovum begins to mucify and expands. Later, the uterus lining begins to thicken

The ovulatory Phase-

In this, enzymes secrete and form a whole. Then, the ovum and its network of cells use stigma to move into the fallopian tube. This process lasts for 24- 48 hours.

The postovulatory or luteal phase: In this, LH is secreted. A fertilized egg implanted into the womb, while the unfertilized egg slowly stops producing hormones and dissolves within 24 hrs.

When does Ovulation Occur?

Naturally, a woman menstrual lasts for an average between 28-32 days — the beginning of the cycle considered as the first of menses. Later the egg is released 12-16 days before the next menses month. Girls begin to menstruate between 10-15 yrs. Similarly, they begin to ovulate and can conceive. Once the menopause starts, the Ovulation stops, especially once the woman reaches her 50s.

Problems due to Ovulation-

There are many women face with the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has enlarged ovaries, often with small, fluid-filled cysts on them. This further leads to hormone imbalance, disrupting Ovulation.

  • Hypothalamic Dysfunction-

This problem takes place when the production of the FSH and LH hormones is disrupted. This further stimulates Ovulation and affecting the menstrual cycle. This dysfunction problem also leads to an irregular menstrual cycle. The primary cause of hypothalamic dysfunction includes excessive physical or emotional stress and obesity.

  • Premature Ovarian Insufficiency-

This problem happens when egg production stops before its maturity and due to a drop in estrogen levels. This insufficiency problem can occur due to autoimmune disease, genetic abnormalities, or environmental toxins.

Symptoms of Ovulation

A woman can face various symptoms during Ovulation. Each woman may face these symptoms at different degree of intensity. Some of the common symptoms of Ovulation are-

  • Change in the Cervical Fluid-

The cervical fluid resembles “egg whites” which shows the sign that you are near to ovulating. Different woman faces different experiences of cervical fluid. In general, Ovulation takes place on the day when they face a lot of watery fluid. In case you face heavy wet fluid, then you can check out some products to improve cervical fluid production.

  • Change in the Basal Body Temperature-

Many women, before ovulation, witness some changes in the basal body temperature. However, when the ovulation period comes to closure, there is a slight decline in body temperature and sharp increase post- ovulation. When there is an increase in body temperature, it is the sign that Ovulation has occurred. It is vital to have a proper track over your Ovulation for few months, helping to predict the timing of your Ovulation.

  • Changes in the Cervical Position-

Over a period, cervix goes through many changes when Ovulation begins. During the process, the cervix will be soft, high and open. Usually, not every woman will be able to differentiate during such changes. Therefore, the best is to test yourself from the gynecologist.

  • Pelvic or Abdominal Pain-

When the Ovulation starts, one of the common symptoms is pelvic or abdominal pain. You need to note here that you will not experience the pain on both sides at one and not the same place each time. There could be a pain for a few minutes or even during hours. Moreover, your body may release some blood while releasing eggs. When such pain happens, you do not have to worry much and seeking anti-inflammatory medication will subside the pain.

  • Change in Libido-

During Ovulation, the body will enter the state of libido. However, there can be changes in the physical pattern, too, especially when you are in stress or being sexually active.

  • The rise in Luteinizing Hormone

24-36 hrs. Before the Ovulation, the level of luteinizing hormone increases. This rise in luteinizing hormone is the signal for the ovary to release an egg.  Use the ovulation predictor kit to check if there is any hormone increase. If yes, the kit will show a positive result.

Overcoming Ovulation Pain-

Also called Mittelschmerz, the ovulation pain can cause discomfort in some cases. The Ovulation consists of follicular cyst swelling and even rupturing to release eggs after body’s surge in luteinizing hormone (LH).

Tracking Ovulation-

It is vital to have proper tracking on your evolution period. Generally, the monthly cycle of a woman is measured right from the first day of her menstrual period until the first day of the next period. Some woman has a cycle period between 28-32 days, but some have shorter or longer period time. So one can track the Ovulation from the first day of the last period cycle or 12-16 days from the next expected period.

Some women may ovulate between 11- 21 days of their cycle. This period is also called the fertile time because having unprotected sexual intercourse will cause pregnancy. So this becomes essential to keep a track over the Ovulation. Thanks to the fertility charting tools helping to keep a record of Ovulation.

Two parts of Ovulation Cycle period-

There are two parts of the ovulation cycle divided into-

  1. The first part is called Follicular Phase. This phase starts the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP) and continues until Ovulation.
  2. The second part of the cycle is called as luteal phase starting from the day of ovulation until the next period begins. This phase has more precise timelines and stays for 12-16 days.

Conducting Ovulation Test-

In case the woman is getting into her period on a monthly basis but isn’t getting pregnant, then she is not ovulating. As mentioned above, you can have a check or test the Ovulation at home itself by using ovulation predictor kit. You can use this kit 10 days after the start of your last period.

Other causes of Ovulation Pain-

  • Cysts-

Ovulation cyst can cause symptoms like cramping and nausea to bloating. Some cysts may cause no symptoms at all. There are common cysts like dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, and endometrioses, causing pain. The doctor may conduct CT scan, MRI, or ultrasound to help determine if you have a cyst.

  • Endometriosis-

This is the most painful condition where tissue from the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterine cavity. Areas, which are affected by Endometriosis, become irritated and cause bleeding and inflammation. During the period cycle, the pain may increase.

  • Infection or STD-

In case, if the pain is accompanied by fever, foul-smelling or burning sensation, then this is the indication of infection or STD. You should urgently present yourself to the doctor for a checkup.

  • Ectopic Pregnancy-

If you are facing one-sided pelvic pain, then it is the sign of ectopic pregnancy. This type of pregnancy is somewhat life-threatening and is usually discovered by the eighth week. You must present yourself to the doctor.

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