Ovulation happens when the ovary releases an egg. The egg then travels down the fallopian tube towards the uterus. If the egg does not fertilize within 24 hrs, after the release, it will then break down and will shed two weeks later during the period. Ovulation bleeding is vaginal bleeding during before or after the ovulation, occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle. Many women refer to ovulation bleeding as “estrogen breakthrough bleeding.”
What is ovulation bleeding?
Ovulation bleeding refers to the secretion occurring around the time of ovulation, which is when the ovary releases the egg. During these days, the estrogen level steadily rises. After the release of the egg, the estrogen level comes down. Moreover, the progesterone level begins. During this shift in the balance between estrogen and progesterone level, causing light bleeding, which is quite lighter than a regular period.
In case, if you experience symptoms like cramping, alongside the bleeding or it lasts longer than a few days, something other than ovulation bleeding may be the underlying cause. Women who do not regularly ovulate may face unusual bleeding patterns, including bleeding very light. There are two reasons behind irregular cycles- polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis.
How will you find whether ovulation taking place?
When the ovulation approaches, the body starts producing cervical fluid oozing out from the vagina and makes you feel sticky. Over the next few days, the fluid becomes stretcher, clearer and slippery. Some women would feel ovulation pain or mittelschmerz- a sharp or cramp-like pain thought on either side of the lower abdomen that can last a few hours or days. If you are regularly tracking basal body temperature (BBT), then you can detect the ovulation.
For many, ovulation comes with blood spots, which happens outside the regular period. In general, the spotting occurs in about 5% to 13% of menstruating people. The spotting can also occur due to contraceptive use to work against pregnancy.
Types of Bleeding-
Ovulation bleeding is certainly the most common type of bleeding women go through. The kind of bleeding during ovulation includes-
On average, ovulation occurs 14 days after the last period begins. However, many women ovulate earlier or later. You can use the ovulation testing kit to pinpoint the time of ovulation.
- The bleeding takes place only once during the month
- Bleeding stops on its own within few days of the bleeding
Bleeding can also happen due to–
Once the sperm fertilizes an egg, the egg should implant in the lining of the uterus. Implantation occurs 100 days after the ovulation. There could be light spotting called implantation bleeding.
If there is bleeding in the early stage of pregnancy, then it can be due to different causes like a harmless condition called a subchorionic hemorrhage. This can lead to a potentially life-threatening ectopic pregnancy.
The woman will not ovulate during these monthly cycles. A wide range of medical problems can also lead to the result of a person not ovulating. During Anovulatory periods, bleeding is quite common.
If there are any structural problems with the uterus, then it can cause unusual bleeding. For instance, if a woman has endometriosis or uterine polyps, she may bleed between cycles.
Kidney or Liver Disease-
If there is kidney failure or liver disease, it will cause problems with blood clotting or abnormal bleeding.
If the woman is facing thyroid issue, then it can also lead to bleeding. The thyroid releases hormones that help regulate the menstrual cycle.
If you have been taking different pills, including birth control, then it will certainly lead to bleeding.
Pituitary glands help to regulate hormones resulting from effecting in the period cycle, estrogen and progesterone. If there are few effects on the pituitary gland, then it may cause unusual bleeding.
People with irregular cycles will find it hard in getting the difference between irregular bleeding and regular cycle.
Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation Bleeding-
- Increase in the cervical fluid and will look like egg whites
- Change in the firmness of the cervix
- Change in the temperature of basal body
- Breast Tenderness and bloating
Ovulation spotting vs Implantation spotting-
There is a difference between the two. Ovulation spotting and implantation spotting. Ovulation spotting happens when the body starts releasing the egg. Implantation spotting, on the other hand, occurs when the fertilized egg attaches to the inner of the uterus. Spotting is the earliest sign of the pregnancy, and only one-third of pregnant women will face this issue.
Implantation spotting happens a few days before the next period. Ovulation spotting usually occurs mid-cycle.
In many cases, implantation bleeding happens around the time of the period. However, you can still find some differences-
Implantation bleeding quite pink in color. Menstruation bleeding is dark red. Implantation bleeding is light inflow and lasts for half a day or a couple of days.
When to see the doctor?
Since light spotting during mid-cycle is quite, you do not need to worry over it. However, if there is unusual bleeding for a long time, then you need to see the doctor. You need to provide complete details about the bleeding and if there is any pain. The doctor will examine the same to give you the report.
You should seek urgent medical attention if-
- Have a positive pregnancy test or find signs of pregnancy
- Bleeding extremely high
- Developed fever or have symptoms of infection
- Have bleeding disorder and heavy bleeding
Home Remedies for ovulation bleeding
If you are not so keen to visit the doctor, then taking up home remedies is the best. Here are few home remedies to overcome ovulation bleeding-
Using menstrual cup-
Menstrual cups are small silicone cups that sit inside the vagina and catch period blood in the vaginal canal. Although it will not reduce the flow, it may help in keeping the trip to a minimum. Compared to tampons, these cups catch more blood. Therefore, it is vital to keep emptying cups regularly.
Trying Heating Pad-
Using a heating pad can help to reduce the common period symptoms, including pain and cramping. You can buy heating pads from the medical store.
There is much evidence stating that herbal remedies are the best to bring down ovulation bleeding. Try out- ginger capsules, myrtle fruit syrup, and pomegranate flower capsules.
Ovulation bleeding is widespread among women. However, it is vital to keep the right care during such a situation to find the right solution for the same. Every other woman faces different types of the period cycle, and so is the ovulation bleeding process.